How to Become a Computer Scientist – Job Description

Job as a computer scientist – working in computer science

What does a computer scientist do? The computer scientist is responsible for the development, programming and modification of hardware and software. He finds solutions to complex problems in information and control systems. Computer scientists are among the computer professionals, therefore their area of ​​responsibility includes not only computer science but also theoretical and practical computer science.

EnİyiMeslekler shows you what tasks a computer scientist has, what skills he should bring and what his salary looks like.

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Definition of “computer scientist”

The Gabler Wirtschaftslexikon defines computer science as a “science of the systematic processing of information”. Procedures are examined for processing information.

But what exactly does a computer scientist do? The profession of computer scientist includes the development of hardware and software, he programs and takes care of the installation, maintenance and administrative tasks of networks, since a smooth flow of information processes is particularly important for companies. Computer scientists can assume responsibility not only in the field of systems engineering, but also in project management. In most cases, computer scientists specialize in one of the four sub-areas of computer science: theoretical, practical, informative or technical computer science.

What prerequisites and competencies are necessary to work as a computer scientist?

Computer scientists require analytical skills and very good programming methods. Mathematics, a broad foundation of terms, methods from theoretical computer science and knowledge of the technical structure of computers are required for the task of a computer scientist. Information technology therefore requires constant adaptation of specialist knowledge and a deeper specialization of computer scientists.

Training as a computer scientist:

In order to be able to take up the profession as a computer scientist, one needs a bachelor’s or master’s degree, either at a college or university. The bachelor’s degree can be achieved after three to four years. Many then still strive for a master’s degree, which is usually achieved within one to two years. When it comes to choosing a computer scientist, more and more companies are opting for the employee who has more professional experience. It can also happen that a bachelor’s degree with professional experience is preferred to a master’s degree.

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There is also the possibility of training and further education in the field of computer science. A university degree or a completed further education are necessary for this. In addition to two years of professional experience, good English skills are required.

Here, the required competencies are divided into must and can competencies, i.e. those that companies definitely require (must) and those that are desirable but not mandatory (can).

Competencies Must:

  • Technical skills
  • Oriented towards IT trends
  • Analytical skills
  • SAP knowledge
  • Technological understanding
  • Communication skills

Competencies Can:

  • Adaptability
  • Customer focus
  • Creative solution finding and patience
  • Communication skills

“You ask yourself: How do I become a computer scientist?”

On EnİyiMeslekler you can create your free job match and find out how well your skills match your dream job as a computer scientist.

What are the tasks of a computer scientist?

The tasks of computer scientists include the development and maintenance of software and hardware. The conceptual design and programming are part of the software development. But communication and advisory skills are also necessary for computer scientists in order to be able to meet customer requirements and to present the best possible solution approaches. Together with other IT specialists, software development concepts are created according to customer requirements. Computer scientists can find employment and be deployed in almost all companies. Computer scientists can be employed in companies such as telecommunications technology, in-house and external service providers or IT consulting companies.

The classic sub-disciplines of a computer scientist include theoretical, practical, technical and applied computer science. These areas are mostly deepened by computer scientists during their training, in an advanced study. Computer scientists need to be able to adapt quickly to the changes in digitization. The challenges include: Artificial intelligence, robotics, expert systems, but also linguistic and visual communication are current topics for computer scientists.

Computer scientists learn during their training how to develop models to describe complex systems and how to identify influencing variables and detailed problems.

Summary > job description computer scientist:

What does a computer scientist earn?

The average starting salary of a computer scientist (young professional) is between $ 36,000 and $ 75,000. Just as the day-to-day work of a computer scientist can be very different, salaries can also vary extremely. Here you can orientate yourself on the industries in which you want to work as a computer scientist. The average starting salary is between $ 36,000 and $ 75,000. However, the opportunities and development opportunities are very high.

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Here you can find out more about the starting salary and salary development as a computer scientist.

How do I apply as a computer scientist?

As a computer scientist you have to bear a lot of responsibility, so it is important in an application that you can show that you are ready and, in the best case, have already been able to deepen the most important programming languages ​​through internships. You can often find a job as a computer scientist internally, as the company is already convinced of your specialist knowledge and trusts you to be more responsible. Either way, you should avoid using empty phrases in your application and specifically emphasize personal skills with examples. You can already demonstrate your communication skills when writing an application, which is also an important core competence in IT management. As required by your job as a computer scientist, your application should be targeted and appealing. So make it clear to whom the application is directed and why you are particularly convincing for this job. Your leadership and social skills should also stand out, as they play an important role even in IT areas.

Tips for applying to become a computer scientist after training:

If you have already set priorities in your academic training as a computer scientist and have concentrated on very specific tasks, then place a special focus on this in your application. In the application, concentrate on what suits you and the training content that you would like to continue to deepen later.


As you can see, the computer scientist has a responsible job. We have now summarized the most important facts for you once again:

  • The computer scientist develops hardware and software, programs and installs and takes care of the maintenance of networks. Computer scientists can specialize in theoretical, practical, informative or technical computer science.
  • Suitable courses of study are, for example, web science, business informatics, technical informatics, bioinformatics or the like.
  • SAP knowledge, technological understanding and analytical skills are prerequisites, communication skills as well as creative solution finding and patience are also helpful.
  • On average, 5-10 people apply for an advertised position.
  • Computer scientists earn between $ 45,000 and $ 105,000 a year.

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